Myrcene is the most common terpene found in cannabis, with some cannabis strains containing up to 60% of its essential oils. You can recognize strains high in myrcene by smelling earthy, musky, and herbal aromas similar to cloves. Myrcene is known for its sedative, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, and antimutagenic effects. The terpene also lowers resistance across the blood to brain barrier, reduces the time it takes for cannabinoids like THC to take effect, and increases the saturation level of CB1 receptors. One study found myrcene may prevent peptic ulcer disease by inhibiting gastric and duodoenal ulcers. It may also help with the symptoms of insomnia and pain because of its sedative and analgesic effects.
Another terpene, limonene, is known for its citrusy smells and ability to uplift mood and attitude. The terpene is best absorbed into the blood stream when inhaled. The terpene works synergistically to help absorb other terpenes. It also acts as an antifungal agent and promotes weight loss. Limonene is also undergoing investigation as a potential treatment option for breast cancer when administered orally. The terpene has low toxicity and only rarely exhibits adverse effects.
This information has been provided by Medical Jane and approved by our Chief Medical Officer.