Terpene Series: Pinene, Geraniol and Humulene

Photo Credit: The Leaf Online

Photo Credit: The Leaf Online

Pinene is recognized by its smells of pine and fir, and can be found in the oils of balsamic resin, pine woods, and some citrus fruits. Pinene is a principal monoterpene, important physiologically in both plants and animals, and reacting with other chemicals to form other terpenes and compounds. Medicinally, pinene serves as an anti-inflammatory, expectorant, bronchodilator, and local antiseptic. The compound is also believed to lessen the effects of THC. 

Another terpene, geraniol, produces sweet and floral smells, and the terpene may be affective agains mosquitos. Geraniol may also be a beneficial component in the treatment of neuropathy. The last terpene we will discuss is Humulene, an isomer of beta-caryophyllene. Humulene is known for its "hoppy" aroma, and as can be guessed, is also found in hops. The terpene is thought of to be anti-tumor, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anorectic. Combining the terpene with with beta-caryophyllene enhances its anti-inflammatory effects.

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