In order to understand how medical marijuana functions as a treatment option for many patients, it is important to understand its individual components. Marijuana contains over 85 different compounds, which includes cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC produces a psychoactive high, has analgesic and anti-nausea properties, stimulates appetite, and creates an anti-spastic effect. THC activates CB1 receptors, which are common in the brain. CBD is not psychoactive, and is known for its neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, anti-epileptic, and anti-psychotic properties. CBD activates pain receptors throughout the body and work to combat pain, inflammation, and seizures. While CBD and THC are quite different, their ability to work synergistically in what is called the entourage give it the ability to target a large spectrum of symptoms. In addition, CBD can essentially buffer the euphoric effects, memory impairment, and sleep inducing effects of THC so that they become less potent and more tolerable.
This information has been provided by Medicinal Marijuana Association and approved by our Chief Medical Officer.