Diabetes milletus results the hormone insulin causing too much glucose build up in the blood stream. Diabetes is subcategorized into Type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes, and Type 2 diabetes which is the most common form. The overabundance of glucose can lead to cardiovascular disease, nerve damage, kidney damage, eye damage, foot damage, skin conditions, and hearing impairment. Symptoms include increased thirst and urination, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, extreme hunger, irritability, blurred vision, ketones in urine, dry and itchy skin, and infections. Medical cannabis can help diabetes patients in a variety of ways because it not only may prevent the disease, but it also helps treat the disease and helps manage its pain symptoms.
In human and animal studies, those who use cannabis also have a lower incidence of diabetes. In non-obese mice, CBD reduced pro-inflammatory cytokines in the bloodstream as well as the incidence of diabetes. These researchers then followed up with rodents with latent diabetes stage or initial diabetes symptoms and found CBD curtailed the manifestation of the disease. Another animal trial found CBD provided protection from diabetic retinopathy. THC also reduced the risk of diabetes in obese mice, and reduced glucose intolerance while increasing insulin sensitivity. A human study found cannabis users experienced lower fasting insulin levels and insulin resistance, and another found similar results as well the suggestion that cannabis consumers possessed lower body mass index in comparison to non-users. For those who are at higher risk for diabetes, like HIV-HCV patients, cannabis was associated with a lowered insulin resistance risk.
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