THC and CBD are the most well known cannabinoids found in cannabis, and the cannabinoids share some similarities and differ from each other in quite a few ways.
Both THC and CBD have analgesic properties. In one study, patients who received THC reported lower levels of pain and improved sleep patterns as a result of their treatment. Another study found cannabis extracts with a 1:1 ratio of THC:CBD offered better pain relief than those with just THC. THC and CBD also manage nausea. One study found 14 of 20 cancer patients experienced less nausea when taking THC, while another study on rats discovered CBD could reduce chemotherapy nausea. The two also work better in a 1:1 ratio, and a third study found the administration of an extract with equal parts CBD and THC successfully decreased nausea in 5 of 7 patients suffering from chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting. Both cannabinoids also have anti-inflammatory because they are able to prevent cytokines from causing inflammation. Lastly, studies are beginning to show both CBD and THC may slow tumor growth for certain types of cancer.
The cannabinoids don't always produce similar effects, though. Marijuana is often associated with the psychoactive high it can produce, but this effect is solely produced by THC. CBD not only doesn't produce this high, but researchers from the Netherlands have observed CBD actually counteracts the psychoactive effects of THC. When it comes to affecting mood, THC is interesting in that it has the ability to improve mood through euphoria and relaxation, but it can also produce anxiety and disorientation, making depression worse. Again, CBD might be able to counteract the memory loss and anxiety THC sometimes causes. CBD on its own also reduces feelings of anxiety and depression, and research has shown CBD reduces anxiety and stress in public speaking tests conducted among individuals with Generalized Social Anxiety disorder.
This information has been provided by HealthMJ and approved by our Chief Medical Officer.