Know Your Endocannabinoid System - Part 1

Photo Credit: Medical Marijuana Inc.

Photo Credit: Medical Marijuana Inc.

The endocannabinoid system is an integral part of the body that maintains balance within the immune system, communicates between cells, and regulates metabolism and appetite, memory, and more. The endocannabinoid system is made of various mechanisms enabling it to communicate within the body and regulate biological responses. These mechanisms include enzymes that create and destroy cannabinoids, cellular receptor sites that receive cannabinoids, and endocannabinoids themselves. The endocannabinoid system is linked to important processes in the brain, nervous system, and reproductive organs, but it doesn't effect the area of the brain that controls heart and lunch function, making it nearly impossible to fatally overdose on cannabinoids.

When the body creates neurotransmitters for the endocannabinoid system, they are picked up by specialized cannabinoid receptors, which include CB1 and CB2 receptor variants. These receptors are found in the immune system, organs, glands, connective tissue, and the brain. When endocannabinoids interact with these receptors, the body is attempting to achieve homeostasis or equilibrium. CB1 receptors are found in the central nervous system where they regulate stress and anxiety, increase appetite, decrease nausea, create immune system balance, and inhibit tumors. CB2 receptors are found on cells within the immune system where they fight inflammation and damage to the tissue.

Stay tuned for Part 2, where we will discuss specific ways in which the endocannabinoid system maintains health and combats diseases. This information has been provided by Medical Marijuana Inc. and approved by our Chief Medical Officer.