Pain is a sensory symptom that can come with a variety of illnesses or injuries to signal something negative occurring in or on the body. There are two types of pain: Acute, resulting from disease, inflammation, or injury, or Chronic, which persists over time as a result of a chronic disease. Pain is further classified as nociceptive, which is often associated with inflammation in the surface or deep tissues of the body, neuropathic, which is attributed to changes in the nervous system, or psychogenic, which is due to a psychological disturbance causing anxiety or depression. Pain is often treated with opioid medications, which contributes to the overuse and abuse of pain medications in what is considered an ongoing epidemic. Because of cannabis' analgesic properties, it can reduce pain levels while also combatting the current opioid epidemic.
By activating cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system, both THC and CBD are able to effectively reduce pain associated with cancer, neuropathy, spasticity, headaches, migraines, and other conditions, both acute and chronic. Cannabis effectively reduces both neuropathic and nociceptive pain in patients that were previously treatment resistant. For this reason, many chronic pain patients prefer cannabis as a treatment option due to the improvements they witness in pain, sleep, and mood. Not only is cannabis effective at lowering pain levels, but studies have also found cannabis is a safe treatment option. After one year of regular use, chronic pain patients were at no greater risk for serious adverse side effects.
This information has been adapted from Medical Marijuana Inc. and approved by our Chief Medical Officer.