Neuro-Behcet's autoimmune disease, or Behcet's syndromes, is a rare disorder causing chronic inflammation of the blood vessels, which causes the immune system to become overly active and mistakenly attack the body's healthy cells. While the symptoms of the disease vary, common symptoms include painful mouth sores, eye redness, inflammation, skin rashes and lesions, joint swelling, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and painful genital sores. Sometimes the disease can result in swelling in the brain, which can cause headaches, disorientation, affect balance, or swell arteries that block blood flow and lead to blog clots or aneurysms. Because cannabis is so effective at managing pain and reducing inflammation, it could become a powerful treatment option for those who suffer from Neuro-Behcet's autoimmune disease.
The current research surrounding cannabis for Neuro-Behcet's syndrome is lacking, but the cannabinoids in cannabis have been known to reduce inflammation and relieve the pain it causes in several other diseases. Studies have shown THC has been beneficial for chronic inflammatory diseases like atherosclerosis and it has reduced airway inflammation from the flue. CBD reduces joint swelling and stalls the progression of autoimmune diseases like arthritis. Cannabis may also help fight certain cancers that are triggered by chronic inflammation. Cannabis can suppress the immune system by activating CB1 an CB2 receptors, thereby triggering an immunosuppresive response and prevent the body from attacking healthy cells. Lastly, by activating cannabinoid receptors, THC and CBD mediate the pain associated with inflammation, and my reducing inflammation the cannabinoids also prevent pain from the outset.